Lemon balm attracts good insects, repels bad ones and helps to disguise the smell of the other plants when used as a companion plant.
Melissa officinalis (Melissa officinalis), often called « Melissa », is a perennial member of the mint family. It has been used in cooking and medicine for centuries.
Ptolemy sang the praises of grass in ancient Greece and if you try it with fish, you will be won over. As with all mints, this versatile plant is very invasive and can quickly spread in your garden and suffocate other plants.
The lazy gardener should therefore keep lemon balm in pots to control its tendency to spread. Lemon balm appreciates places with half a shade and it is a carefree herb. Pinch the flowers regularly to encourage vegetation.
As a companion plant , lemon balm repels mosquitoes and flies while attracting pollinators that are beneficial to your garden.
You can crush a leaf and rub it against insect bites. A mild infusion of lemon balm prepared with dried grass is supposed to improve memory. But it is most often used for its relaxing and comforting properties.
At the end of the season, lemon balm withers and hibernates during the winter. It starts growing again quickly when the heat of spring returns. The reappearance of perennials is a good way to determine if it is time to germinate .
Lemon balm seeds need light to germinate, barely cover the small seeds. The stems may die in early winter, but grow back in spring.
Latin name: Melissa officinalis
Type: Perennial, herbaceous.
Height: 60-90 cm
Harvesting: Just before flower development – late spring/early summer.
Effect: Aromatic (leaves), distraction and discretion.
Climate: Cool season, Sun or partial shade.
PH: Prefers between 6.0 and 7.5. Can grow between 5.6 and 9.0
Fertile substrate, clay or sandy silt. Well drained.
Germination: 10 – 14 days -/ more than 20°C. Needs light to germinate.
Spacing: 30-40 cm apart
Seeds per gram: 2,000
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